Wisdom teeth / Third molars
Wisdom teeth (your third molars) are the last teeth to come in and the ones least needed for good oral health. In most cases they may do more harm than good.
Understanding your wisdom teeth
Wisdom teeth erupt between the age of 17-25. When a wisdom tooth does not have enough space to erupt,it gets trapped in the bone.Most people have four wisdom teeth, one in each corner of the mouth.
Being at the back of the mouth,good oral hygiene remains a challenge.Thus the teeth are more prone to infection.Because of their position and angulation,wisdom teeth can cause pressure on adjacent teeth.
Complications caused by wisdom teeth
- Infection in the wisdom tooth or adjacent tooth
- Pain over the angle of the jaw
- Inflammed or swollen gums over the affected area
- Pressure on adjacent teeth leading to crowding
Diagnosis and treatment
- X-rays: Helps to determine position and angulation of the tooth,along with the shape of its roots.
- Medication: Antibiotics and anti- inflammatory drugs are given.
- Operculectomy: If the tooth is in the right position and in the process of erupting, the flap of the gum over the teeth can be trimmed to facilitate eruption.
- Disimpaction: If the tooth is infected or if there is insufficient space for eruption, then the tooth is surgically removed