Gum procedures / Periodontal diseases
Gum procedures are depends on how much damage the disease has caused. Since periodontitis affects more than just the gums, it cannot be controlled with regular brushing and flossing. Treatment of periodontal disease is often extensive. The primary goals of al professional treatment are to promote reattachment of healthy gums to teeth, to reduce swelling, the depth of pockets, ant the risk of infection, and stop further damage.
Treament options may be non-surgical or surgical
- Scaling and Root planing
- Antibiotics and anti inflammatories
- Bite correction
- Splinting[using adjacent strong teeth to support the weak or mobile teeth]
In later stages of disease, depending on the severity, any of the following procedures may be indicated.
- Gingivectomy: This procedure removes an overgrowth of gum tissue taking the gum level back to it's original position
- Flap surgery: During this procedure an incision is made a "flap" is lifted. The gums are gently separated from the tooth, Creating a n access to the infected pocket. Deep deposits of plaque and tartar are then removed. The gum is then replaced on the tooth near the original gumline
- Reshaping the bone: Your dentist may perform osseous(bone) surgery to shape the bone after the flap surgery. The gums are sutured below the original gumline to reduce areas that trap plaque
Just professional treatment is not a cure for gum disease; it needs your dedication. Follow these simple tips as part of a self care programme
- Brush your teeth twice a day
- Floss regularly to remove plaque from between teeth
- Rinse your mouth thoroughly after each meal
- Replace your brush every 3 to 4 months